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(38) Fw 190s over Europe, part II.

Color profiles: Janusz Światłoń, captions: Maciej Góralczyk

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MINITC38 sheet-1-1

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Brekken, A. & Åakra, K. Luftwaffe Fighters and Fighter-Bombers over the Far North, Hersham 2008.
Caldwell, D. The JG 26 War Diary, Vol. 2: 1943-1945, London 1998.
Crandall, J. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Dora, Vol. 2, Hamilton 2009.
Frappé, J.-B. La luftwaffe attaque a L’ouest. France 1939-1942, Bayeux 1991.
Frappé, J.-B. La luftwaffe en France. 2. Normandie 1944, Bayeux 1989.
Lorant, J.-Y. & Frappé, J.-B. Le Focke Wulf 190, Paris 1981.
Lorant, J.-Y. & Goyat, R. Jagdgeschwader 300 “Wilde Sau”, Vol. 2: September 1944 - May 1945, Hamilton 2007.
Merrick, K. A. & Kiroff, J. Luftwaffe Camouflage and Markings 1933-1945, Vol. 1 & 2, Hersham 2005.
Mombeek, E. Eismeerjäger. Zur Geschichte des Jagdgeschwaders 5 Band 4: Jäger 1944-1945, Linkebeek 2011.
Mombeek, E. & Roba, J.-L. Dans le ciel de France. Histoire de la JG 2 “Richthofen“, Vol. 3: 1942, Linkebeek 2012.
Prien, J., Rodeike, P., Stemmer, G. & Bock, W. Die Jagdfliegerverbände der Deutschen Luftwaffe 1934 bis 1945, Teil 7, Heimatverteidigung - 1. Januar bis 31. Dezember 1942, Einsatz im Westen - 1. Januar bis 31. Dezember 1942, Eutin 2004.
Proulx, M. Wings of the Black Cross, Number Three, Hamilton 2005.
Ries, K. & Obermeier, E. Luftwaffe Rudder Markings 1936–1945, Mainz 1970.
Rodeike, P. Focke Wulf Jagdflugzeug. Fw 190 A, Fw 190 “Dora“, Ta 152 H, Eutin 1998.
Stopsack, C. „Von „Krebsen“, „Schlangen“ und „Dödeln“. Die Geschichte der 3. Staffel der Jagdgruppe 10, Teil 1-2.“ Luftwaffe im Focus 16 & 18, Bad Zwischenahn 2010-2011.
Luftwaffe im Focus Edition 7, Bad Zwischenahn 2005.
Luftwaffe im Focus Edition 11, Bad Zwischenahn 2007.
Luftwaffe im Focus Edition 12, Bad Zwischenahn 2007.
Jagdgeschwader 300 “Wilden Sau“: www.jg300.de


Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-2; W.Nr. 0125228, “Chevron L”, flown by Ofw. Erwin Leibold of Stab I./JG 26, St. Omer-Arques, France, July 1942. This aircraft was finished in the usual scheme of the period, consisting of RLM 74/75/76 camouflage colours, and yellow identification areas on the rudder and under-cowling. Moreover, it featured another variation of the black areas applied to both fuselage sides, and an interesting set of black Stab markings edged in white. The spinner was painted RLM 70. Eleven red victory bars were applied on the rudder. Ofw. Leibold, who was Hptm. Seifert’s wingman, didn’t record any more victories. He lost his life when he crashed “Chevron L” after combat on the 26th July 1942 at St. Omer-Arques.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-2; W.Nr. 0125299, “Blue 2”, flown by Lt. Leopold Wenger of 10.(Jabo)/JG 2, Caen-Carpiquet, France, mid-August 1942. “Blue 2” carried RLM 74/75/76 camouflage. The engine under-cowling and rudder were yellow, but the latter was toned down by spraying grey mottle. Both sides of the engine cowling were adorned with the emblem of 10.(Jabo)/JG 2; a red fox with ship grasped in its mouth. The spinner was painted RLM 70. Please note the centerline bomb rack and lack of outer wing cannons. Lt. “Poldi” Wenger damaged this aircraft during take-off at Caen-Carpiquet on the 19th August 1942.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-4/U7; W.Nr. 0147092, flown by Hptm. Wilhelm-Ferdinand Galland, Kommandeur of II./JG 26, Vitry-en-Artois, France, spring 1943. This is an example of one of only a few Fw 190 As fitted with large supercharger air intakes. It was camouflaged in RLM 74 and 75 on the uppersurfaces with RLM 76 underside. It had a yellow engine under-cowling and rudder. The spinner was painted RLM 70. Hptm. “Wutz” Galland, one of Adolf Galland’s younger brothers, took command of II./JG 26 on the 3rd January 1943 and led the Gruppe until his death on the 17th August 1943. He scored 54 victories in 186 missions over the Western Front and became one of the most successful Spitfire-killers with a final tally of 37 downed planes of the type.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-7; W.Nr. 430170, ‚“Yellow 5”, flown by Lt. Hans Ehlers, Kapitän of 3./JG 1, Dortmund-Brakel, Germany, late December 1943. Camouflaged in an RLM 74/75/76 scheme, “Yellow 5” is shown marked with 33 black victory bars, as it appeared following Lt. Ehlers’ victory over a B-17 on the 20th December 1943. The under-cowl panel and under-wingtips were yellow. A red identification band of the Geschwader was painted around the rear fuselage. Please note the JG 1 emblem on the port side of the engine cowling and small patches of protective paint on the port side landing gear leg cover. On the 27th December 1944, Hans Ehlers, then Hauptmann and Kommandeur of I./JG 1, was killed in action near Bereborn, Germany. He is credited with at least 47 victories over enemy aircraft, about half of which were heavy bombers.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8/R6; probable W.Nr. 171172, “Black 8” of 3./JGr 10, Redlin near Parchim, Germany, January 1945. The plane carried almost standard RLM 74/75/76 scheme. Only the tail area was quite unusually painted, indicating a repair or replacement of the rudder, or perhaps even the whole tail unit being replaced. The latter assumption is supported by the appearance of swastikas, which are sligthly narrower than was normal. Such swastikas were distinctive rather for Aslau-built Fw 190 A-8s from the 350xxx block, as well as some Arado-built Fw 190 A-8s from the 380xxx block than for machines which were built in the Focke-Wulf factory in Cottbus. The spinner was black with a white spiral. The engine under-cowling was most likely yellow. The markings of 3./JGr 10 comprised large black numbers with thin red outlines before the fuselage crosses and small black “I1” codes aft the crosses. Like a few other aircraft of the unit, this one was also adorned with large yellow and red snakes. Note also the small yellow marking of the Erhöhte Notleistung boost system on the port gun cowl, and a strange bright trace on the port fuselage behind the exhausts, whose shape resembles the number “3”. This “Black 8” is probably the Fw 190 A-8, W.Nr.171172 which was crashed by Uffz. Walter Gerlach near Leisnig on the 14th February 1945.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8/R2; “Red 10”, flown by Ofw. Karl Rusack of 5./JG 300, Löbnitz, Germany, January 1945. This is an interesting ground concealment scheme using one of the greens, probably RLM 71, over the factory scheme consisting of RLM 74 and 75 on the uppersurfaces, and RLM 76 on the undersurfaces. Even the main landing gear covers have been oversprayed with green. “Red 10” had most features of a Sturmbock including lateral fuselage steel plates, armored glass quarter and frontal panels of the windscreen, and MK 108 cannons in the wings. Upper MG 131s were deleted, and their gun troughs faired over. The aircraft was also fitted with a propeller with external weights. Its spinner was black with a white spiral. Ofw. Karl Rusack survived the war.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8; W.Nr. 737435, “White 20” of 9./JG 5, Herdla, Norway, 8th March 1945. This machine received a temporary white finish over the factory scheme of RLM 75/76/83* or 74/75/76. Even the national markings on the fuselage and fin (and probably also the serial numbers on the top of the fin) were partially obscured. White front engine cowl ring and spiral on the black spinner were the markings of 9. Staffel. The individual number of the plane was most likely repeated in black on the main landing gear covers, as in case of other aircraft of this Staffel. The discs aft the fuselage crosses were the marking of the Gruppe. The port side of the plane is not visible on the photos, but it is unlikely that the emblem of III. Gruppe was applied at this time. However, it is included in the decal sheet as a bonus marking, and the decision belongs to the modeller. Due to an engine failure, “White 20” was crash landed on a beach south west of the Herdla airfield on the 8th March 1945.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-9/R11; W.Nr. 206000, “White 2” of III./KG(J) 27, Wels, Austria, spring 1945. “White 2” was built in November 1944 and most likely received similar camouflage as Fw 190 D-9s assembled by the same factory in that period, consisting of RLM 82 and 83* greens over RLM 76 light blue. Unusually, III./KG(J) 27 used tactical markings shadowed with dark areas applied around them, instead of painting normal outlines. A green and white checker identification band of the Geschwader was painted around the rear fuselage. The layout of the checker on the starboard side is unconfirmed because no photos showing the starboard side of the unit’s aircraft with such bands, have surfaced so far. The plane was fitted with a broad-bladed wooden propeller. Its spinner was either RLM 70 or black. The aircraft was damaged in a taxiing accident at Wels on the 20th February 1945.



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(38) Fw 190s over Europe, part II.
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