The Heavy Cruiser Prinz Eugen


the ship had three Germania Werft turbines with designed power output of 132.500 hp and the maximum of 136.000 hp. Superheated steam at the working pressure of 73 atm and temperature of 450 degrees Celsius was produced by 12 La Mont-type boilers. The turbines were located in two and the boilers in three compartments. The fuel capacity was 3.250 tons. The range was 7850 nm at 18 knots or 3.000 nm at 30 knots. The maximum speed was 33.4 knots. The ship had three 4.15m diameter propellers. Electricity on board the Prinz Eugen was provided by 3 generators powered by 150 hp diesel engines and one 350 hp generator, 4 steam powered generators of 460 hp and one of 230 hp generator. The ship also had two 150 kVA AC generators. Total power output of the generators was 2.870 kW.

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Armament

The main battery was composed of eight 203mm SK L/60 guns on C/34 mountings in four twin turrets. Their elevation was -10 to +37 degrees, range 36.440 metres, rate of fire 4 rounds per minute. The ammunition capacity of 960 rounds was increased to 1280 rounds (160 rounds per gun). In the German navy the main battery turrets had their names, and so the foremost one was named “Anton”, followed by “Bruno”, “Caesar” and “Dora”. On board the Prinz Eugen they also had their individual names: “Anton” – “Graz”, “Bruno” – “Braunau”, “Caesar” – “Innsbruck” and “Dora” – “Wien”. The names plates were bolted to the turrets. Twelve 105mm L/65 C/33 guns on twin coaxially-stabilized C/73 mounts constituted the heavy anti-aircraft battery. Their elevation was -8 to +85 degrees, range 17.700, while the AA ceiling was 12.500 metres. The rate of fire was 160 rounds per minute and the ammunition capacity was 6.200 rounds. The medium anti-aircraft battery consisted of twelve 37mm L/38 C/30 guns on twin C/30 mounts. Their elevation was -10 to +85 degrees, range 8.500 metres and AA ceiling 6.800 metres. The rate of fire was 160 rounds per minute and the ammunition capacity was 4.000 rounds. The light anti-aircraft battery was composed of eight single 20mm L/65 C/38 on C/30 mounts. Their elevation was -11 to +85 degrees, range 4.900 metres and the AA ceiling 3.700 metres. The rate of fire was 280 rounds per minute and the ammunition capacity was 24.000 rounds. The ship also had twelve 533mm torpedo tubes in four triple mountings. The 12 spare torpedoes were stored in special containers. The G7a torpedoes were used with a warhead containing 300 kg of TNT. Their range was 5.000 m at 44 knots, 7.500 m at 40 knots or 12.500 m at 30 knots. Additionally, the warships of that class could carry up to 110 mines on tracks installed in the quarterdeck.
Fire control systems
Fire of the 203mm guns was directed by five 7-metre rangefinders and two 3-metre BG night action rangefinders. The 4-metre SL-8 directors in triaxially-stabilized cupolas controlled the 105mm anti-aircraft battery. The light anti-aircraft battery used portable 1.25m-directors.
The aircraft facilities included 3 Arado Ar 196 floatplanes launched from the 12-metre long FL 22 catapult.

Radar equipment

The radars on board the Prinz Eugen were divided into three categories: active ranging FuMO, observation FuMB and reconnaissance FuMB.
Active ranging radars:
Since 01.08.1940 until 06.1942 FuMO 27 – wavelength 81.5cm, frequency 368 MHz, range 13 nm, transmitter power output 8 kW,
Since 09.1942 until 07.1944 FuMO 26 – wavelength 81.5cm, frequency 368 MHz, range 14 nm,
Since 08.1940 FuMO 25 with the same specifications as the FuMO 26,
Since 07.1944 until 05.1945 FuMO 27 with the same specifications as the FuMO 27,
Since August 1940 FuMO 81 Berlin – wavelength 5.6cm, frequency 5.300 MHz, range 16 nm, transmitter power output 18 kW.
Observation radars:
Since 06.1944 until 05.1945 FuMB 1 - wavelength 60-260cm, frequency 113-560 MHz,
Since 06.1944 until 05.1945 FuMB 4 Samos - wavelength 157-333cm, frequency 87-470 MHz, FuMB 26 Tunis - wavelength 8-14cm, frequency 1.300-3.750 MHz, FuMB 9 Cypern 2 - wavelength 118-192cm, frequency 156-254 MHz,
Since 09.1942 until 06.1944 FuMB 10 Borkum - wavelength 75-200cm, frequency 100-400 MHz,
Since 08.1942 until 06.1944 FuME 1 Wespe G -  wavelength 79-83cm, frequency 361-389 MHz, transmitter power output 0.3 kW,
Since 06.1944 until 05.1945 FuME 2 Wespe G2 – wavelength 80-90cm, frequency 354-429 MHz.

Life boats

The ship carried two 11.42-metre picket boats, one 11.25-metre motor barge, one 9.20-metre motor pinnace, two 7.70-metre motor yawls, two second class 8.50-metre motor cutters, two 3.60-metre dinghies and 2.40-metre boats.
Complement
There were 1.400 crewmen on average, but the number differed throughout the ship’s career.
Dimensions
Length (overall) – 212.50 metres,
Beam – 21.90 metres,
Draft – 7.95 metres.
Modernizations of the anti-aircraft armament
1942 – 12x37mm/2, 8x20mm/1 , 28x20mm/4,
1944 – 12x37mm/2 , 24x20mm/4 , 32x20mm/2,
1945 – 18x40mm/1 , 24x20mm/4 , 4x20mm/2.

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